Larry Wartel: DISARMAMENT: Nuclear No First Use (NFU), China, Russia, NATO, United States of America…

Hello Gregory, Great listening to you at “Occupy” and Heather’s meet-up!
After election, we’ll try and get together for an uninterrupted talk.

Here’s  some stuff on Nuclear No First Use (NFU) and Disarmament.

Russia is willing to sign these treaties if the US and NATO are:

The other NPT NWS (Non-Proliferation Treaty Nuclear Weapons States) may even be prepared to go along with this, though Russia would need to have its concerns over NATO’s eastward expansion and US ballistic missile defence plans in Europe satisfied.

China has already signed the No First Use Treaty :

China and NFU Agreements:

One of China’s main nuclear arms control initiatives has been the proposal for an NFU agreement with the other four nuclear-weapon states (United States, Russia, France, and the United Kingdom).

China invited parties from all four other nuclear weapon states to discuss the issue in 1993 and 1994, but only Russia agreed to take part.

China presented a draft Treaty on the No-First-Use of Nuclear Weapons to the other four nuclear weapon states in January 1994 (my italics).

These initiatives resulted in a Sino-Russian NFU and detargeting agreement in September 1994  in which both countries signed a joint statement on no-first-use and detargeting of nuclear weapons.  China signed a non-targeting agreement with the United States in 1998.

China has repeatedly called on the nuclear powers, particularly the United States, to issue NFU pledges, and has in the past linked an NFU pledge to Chinese participation in other arms control measures, such as the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).

For years, China indicated that it would not conclude a detargeting agreement with the United States unless the United States issues an NFU pledge and China also pushed for the inclusion of an article on NFU during CTBT negotiation.

Both efforts ultimately failed. China signed the CTBT in 1996 and China and the US reached a non-targeting accord in June 1998.

US-China Disagreement on NFU:

As stated above, China has consistently called on the United States to adopt a no-first-use policy, to reach a NFU agreement bilaterally with China and to conclude an NFU agreement among the five nuclear weapon states.

In March 2002, major US media reported that the new and still classified US Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) indicated contingency plans for using nuclear weapons against seven states: Iran, Iraq, Libya, Syria, North Korea, Russia and China.

This indication of US planning to use nuclear weapons is contrary to international law as well as to long-standing US assurances not to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear weapons states.

It also constitutes a disturbing threat to the named states and others as well as to international peace and security overall.

Shalom, lar

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